Make your own free website on Tripod.com

JEWISH HOLOCAUST

OSCAR SCHINDLER
Home
GENERAL INFORMATION
GENERAL INFORMATION 2
HITLER
HITLERS SPEECHES 1936-1938
HITLERS SPEECHES 1939-1940
HITLERS SPEECHES 1941-
HITLER OTHER STUFF
NAZI PROPAGANDA
HITLERS ART
HITLERS BERHOF
OTHER BUILDINGS
REINHARD HEYDRICK
DR JOSEF MENGELE
OSCAR SCHINDLER
AUSCHWITZ
BELSEN AND BUCHENWALD
CHELMNO AND RAVENSBRUCK
SOBIBOR AND TREBLINKA
THERESEINSTADT
MASSACRE AT BABI-YAR
LIFE IN THE CAMPS
PICTURES FROM THE CAMPS
MORE CAMP PICS
DEATH MARCHES
EXCERTS FROM "THE HOLOCAUST"
EXTRACTS FROM "SMOKE AND ASHES"
TESTIMONIES OF SURVIVORS
TESTIMONIES OF SS MEN
TESTIMONY OF GEORING
TESTIMONY OF RUDOLF HOESS
TWO OTHER TESTIMONIES
THE TRIALS
STROOP AND WANNASEE REPORTS
MEIN KAMPF
MEIN KEMPF PAGE 2
MEIN KEMPF PAGE 3
MEIN KEMPF PAGE 4
MEIN KEMPF PAGE 5

 SCHINDLERS LIST

 

After Germany invaded Poland, the German entrepreneurs swarmed the cities, snapping up fortified Jewish firms as their Treuhanders or trustees. One of them was a young salesman called Oskar Schindler, born April 28th, 1908, in the Sudenland. He applied for Nazi membership in early 1939. By then he was an agent for the Germans Abwhr, intelligence.

He took over an idle enamelware plant at 4 Lipowa Street in Kracow. A Jew had owned the plant and it was renamed Deutsche Emailwaren Fabrik and turned out pots and pans for the military. He was to make a fortune with Jewish slave labour.

By the end of 1942, he employed 370 workers, all from Kracow ghetto. Word quickly spread that the factory was a safe haven. With bribes, Schindler kept the SS at bay. He lied so they could bring friends and relatives. Most of his skilled workers had no skills between them. Soon 1000 Jews would gain sanctuary at the DEF (named by the workers).

The ghetto was established in March 1941 and there were about 15,000 Jews there. Then in March 13th 1943, Amon Goeth liquidated the camp. Those who survived became inmates of the Kracow/Plaszow labour camp on the outskirts of the city, under Goeths bloodthirsty command.

For a few months the workers walked to the factory, to return at the end of shift to Amons shell and the real possibility of ending up on Ghujowa Gorka or execution hill. The translation is Prick Hill. Not only was it a place to die, it was a place for rapes etc.

One victim, dying from her wounds was raped one by one by the guards. Amon shot one girl because he didnt like her nose. He regularly used Jews as target practice. Daily life there became unbearable for some people and they either made sure they died or committed suicide.

Schindlers subcamp used the workers from this hell but in August 1944 he was ordered to lose over 700. In September the subcamp was shut down. In October, Schindler moved the whole operation to Brinnlitz Czechoslavakia, near his home town. A second list was drawn up, providing the nuceus of one in circulation today. It contained the original 300 plus 700 replacements.

Before they got to Brinnlitz, the men had to stop at a camp called Cross-Rosen and the women to Auschwitz. It is clear he knew this would happen but not for so long. He had to bribe their way out. By the time they got to the factory, they had been through hell and were shaven from head to toe.

The list ended up being as much of a puzzle as was Schindlers motives. Was he an angel masquerading as an opportunist? Or an opportunist masquerading as an angel? Did he intend to save 1100 Jews or were they helping his survival? Did he build the DEF to protect Jews or to stop Amon Goeth from finding out and interfering in his blackmarket activities.

One survivor says that in the beginning it was a game, to outwit the SS, to make money, he hated killing. In the end he realized that if he didnt save the Jews, no-one else would.

The bottom line for the survivors was If I wasnt Schindler, Id be dead

He was a sybante, a sexual man, wearing so much cologne, you could smell him before you saw him. And boy could he drink but was never drunk. The drink caused complications which led to his death in 1974. He permitted Jews to observe holidays (secretly) and to bury their dead traditionally. He never slept one night at his villa in Brinnlitz but at the factory because he knew the Jews feared the night visits from the SS.

In the film, Schindler and Itzhak Stein construct the list themselves, in fact Marcel Goldberg controlled the lists. He demanded payment directly from those who wanted to be on the list.

What is difinate, is that Emalia workers were sent to death camps. Some survived, this caused bitterness after the war.

When he left Brinnlitz, he was accompanied  by his wife Emilie, a mistress and 8 Jews. They left on May 8th 1945. Valuables were stuffed into door panels on his car, he also had a letter signed by his workers, explaining that he saved them.

Schindler helped American Investigators gather evidence against Nazi War criminals, especially his old drinking partners.

By 1949, he was a lost soul. He had no future at home, he couldnt live in Germany which he once loved. He tried living in Regensburg then Munich, depending on care parcels. Polish Jews traced him and tried to give some assistance . The Jewish Joint Committee gave Schindler money and set him up in Argentina at a ranch where they tried to raise Minklike animals. It failed. In 1957 he left Emile and went back to Germany. But failed again at a cement plant.

He visited Israel in 1962 and the Schindlerjuden welcomed him with open arms. From then on he never lacked support. When he died in 1974, he wanted to be buried in Israel. He lies in the Catholic cemetery on Mount Zion.

He became a legend, willingly or not. He did what no-one else wanted to do or could do. He also allowed men and women to answer part of the imponderable question Why did I survive and 6 million die?

Answer Because of Oskar Schindler