My political testament.
More than thirty years have passed since 1914 when I made my modest contribution as a volunteer in the First World War,
which was forced upon the Reich.
In these three decades love and loyalty to my people have guided all my thoughts, actions and my life. They gave me the
strength to make the most difficult decisions ever to confront mortal man. In these three decades I have spent my strength
and my health.
It is untrue that I or anyone else in Germany wanted war in 1939. It was wanted and provoked solely by international
statesmen either of Jewish origin or working for Jewish interests. I have made too many offers for the limitation and control
of armaments, which posterity will not be cowardly enough always to disregard, for responsibility for the outbreak of this
war to be placed on me. Nor have I ever wished that, after the appalling First World War, there would ever be a second against
either England or America. Centuries will go by, but from the ruins of our towns and monuments the hatred of those ultimately
responsible will always grow anew against the people whom we have to thank for all this: international Jewry and its henchmen.
Only three days before the outbreak of the German-Polish war I proposed a solution of the German-Polish problem to the
British Ambassador in Berlin - international control as in the case of the Saar. This offer, too, cannot be lied away. It
was only rejected because the ruling clique in England wanted war, partly for commercial reasons and partly because it was
influenced by the propaganda put out by international Jewry.
I have left no one in doubt that if the people of Europe are once more treated as mere blocks of shares in the hands
of these international money and finance conspirators, then the sole responsibility for the massacre must be borne by the
true culprits: the Jews. Nor have I left anyone in doubt that this time millions of European children of Aryan descent will
starve to death, millions of men will die in battle, and hundreds of thousands of women and children will be burned or bombed
to death in our cities without the true culprits being held to account, albeit more humanely.
After six years of war which, despite all setbacks, will one day go down in history as the most glorious and heroic manifestation
of the struggle for existence of a nation, I cannot abandon the city which is the capital of this Reich. Since our forces
are too meager to withstand the enemy's attack and since our resistance is being debased by creatures who are as blind as
they are lacking in character, I wish to share my fate with that which millions of others have also taken upon themselves
by remaining in this city. Further, I shall not fall into the hands of the enemy who requires a new spectacle, presented by
the Jews, for the diversion of the hysterical masses.
I have therefore decided to stay in Berlin and there to choose death voluntarily when I determine that the position of
the Fuhrer and the Chancellery itself can no longer be maintained. I die with a joyful heart in the knowledge of the immeasurable
deeds and achievements of our peasants and workers and of a contribution unique in the history of our youth which bears my
That I am deeply grateful to them all is as self-evident as is my wish that they do not abandon the struggle but that,
no matter where, they continue to fight the enemies of the Fatherland, faithful to the ideals of the great Clausewitz. Through
the sacrifices of our soldiers and my own fellowship with them unto death, a seed has been sown in German history that will
one day grow to usher in the glorious rebirth of the National Socialist movement in a truly united nation.
Many of our bravest men and women have sworn to bind their lives to mine to the end. I have begged, and finally ordered,
them not to do so but to play their part in the further struggle of the nation. I ask the leaders of the Army, the Navy and
the Air Force to strengthen the National Socialist spirit of resistance of our soldiers by all possible means, with special
emphasis on the fact that I myself, as the founder and creator of this movement, prefer death to cowardly resignation or even
May it become a point of honor of future German army officers, as it is already in our Navy, that the surrender of a
district or town is out of the question and that, above everything else, the commanders must set a shining example of faithful
devotion to duty unto death.
Before my death, I expel former Reichs-Marshal Hermann Goring from the party and withdraw from him all the rights that
were conferred upon him by the decree of 29 June, 1941 and by my Reichstag statement of 1 September, 1939. In his place I
appoint Admiral Donitz as President of the Reich and Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.
Before my death, I expel the former Reichsfuhrer of the S.S. and the Minister of the Interior Heinrich Himmler from the
party and from all his state officers. In his place I appoint Gauleiter Karl Hanke as Reichsfuhrer of the S.S. and Head of
the German Police, and Gauleiter Paul Giesler as Minister of the Interior.
Apart altogether from their disloyalty to me, Goring and Himmler have brought irreparable shame on the whole nation by
secretly negotiating with my enemy without my knowledge and against my will, and also by attempting illegally to seize control
of the State.
In order to provide the German people with a government of honorable men who will fulfill the task of continuing the
war will all the means at their disposal, I, as Fuhrer of the nation, appoint the following members of the new cabinet:
President of the Reich: Donitz
Chancellor of the Reich: Dr Goebbels
Party Minister: Bormann
Minister of the Interior: Gauleiter Giesler
Minister of War: Donitz
Supreme Commander of the Army:
Supreme Commander of the Navy: Donitz
Supreme Commander of the Air Force: Greim
Reichsfuhrer of the S.S.
and Head of the German Police: Gauleiter Hanke
Culture: Dr Scheel
Labor: Dr Hupfauer
Leader of the German Labor Front and
Minister without Portfolio: Dr Ley.
Although a number of these men, including Martin Bormann, Dr Goebbels and others together with their wives have joined
me of their own free will, not wishing to leave the capital under any circumstances and prepared to die with me, I implore
them to grant my request that they place the welfare of the nation above their own feelings. By their work and loyal companionship
they will remain as close to me after my death as I hope my spirit will continue to dwell among them and accompany them always.
Let them be severe but never unjust and let them never, above all, allow fear to preside over their actions, placing the honor
of the nation above everything that exists on earth. May they, finally, always remember that our task, the consolidation of
a National Socialist state, represents the work of centuries to come, so that every individual must subordinate his own interest
to the common good. I ask of all Germans, of all National Socialists, men and women and all soldiers of the Wehrmacht, that
they remain faithful and obedient unto death to the new government and its President.
Above all, I enjoin the government and the people to uphold the race laws to the limit and to resist mercilessly the
poisoner of all nations, international Jewry.
Berlin, 29 April, 1945, 4 a.m.
Dr Joseph Goebbels Wilhelm Burgdorf
Programme of the NSDAP, 24 February 1920
The 25 points of the NSDAP Program were composed by Adolf Hitler
and Anton Drexler. They were publically presented on 24 February 1920 "to a crowd of almost two thousand and every single
point was accepted amid jubilant approval." (Mein Kampf, Volume II, Chapter I) Hitler explained their purpose in the fifth
chapter of the second volume of Mein Kampf:
[T]he program of the new movement was summed up in a few guiding principles, twenty-five in all. They were devised to
give, primarily to the man of the people, a rough picture of the movement's aims. They are in a sense a political creed, which
on the one hand recruits for the movement and on the other is suited to unite and weld together by a commonly recognized obligation
those who have been recruited.
Hitler was intent on having a community of mutual interest that desired mutual success instead of one that was divided
over the control of money or differing values.
THE COMMON INTEREST BEFORE SELF-INTEREST -
THAT IS THE SPIRIT OF THE PROGRAM. BREAKING OF THE THRALDOM OF INTEREST
- THAT IS THE KERNEL OF NATIONAL SOCIALISM.
In these straightforward statements of intent, Hitler translated his ideology
into a plan of action which would prove its popularity with the German people throughout the coming years. For many, the abruptness
of its departure from the tradition of politics as practiced in the western world was as much of a shock as its liberal nature
and foresight of the emerging problems of western democracy.
The Programme of the German Workers' Party is designed to be of limited duration. The leaders have no intention,
once the aims announced in it have been achieved, of establishing fresh ones, merely in order to increase, artificially, the
discontent of the masses and so ensure the continued existence of the Party.
1. We demand the union of all Germany in
a Greater Germany on the basis of the right of national self-determination.
2. We demand equality of rights for the German people in its dealings with other nations, and the revocation of the peace
treaties of Versailles and Saint-Germain.
3. We demand land and territory (colonies) to feed our people and to settle our surplus population.
4. Only members of the nation may be citizens of the State. Only those of German blood, whatever be their creed, may
be members of the nation. Accordingly, no Jew may be a member of the nation.
5. Non-citizens may live in Germany only as guests and must be subject to laws for aliens.
6. The right to vote on the State's government and legislation shall be enjoyed by the citizens of the State alone. We
demand therefore that all official appointments, of whatever kind, whether in the Reich, in the states or in the smaller localities,
shall be held by none but citizens.
We oppose the corrupting parliamentary custom of filling posts merely in accordance with party considerations, and without
reference to character or abilities.
7. We demand that the State shall make it its primary duty to provide a livelihood for its citizens. If it should prove
impossible to feed the entire population, foreign nationals (non-citizens) must be deported from the Reich.
8. All non-German immigration must be prevented. We demand that all non-Germans who entered Germany after 2 August 1914
shall be required to leave the Reich forthwith.
9. All citizens shall have equal rights and duties.
10. It must be the first duty of every citizen to perform physical or mental work. The activities of the individual must
not clash with the general interest, but must proceed within the framework of the community and be for the general good.
We demand therefore:
11. The abolition of incomes unearned by work.
The breaking of the slavery of interest
12. In view of the enormous sacrifices of life and property demanded of a nation by any war, personal enrichment from
war must be regarded as a crime against the nation. We demand therefore the ruthless confiscation of all war profits.
We demand the nationalization of all businesses which have been formed into corporations (trusts).
14. We demand profit-sharing in large industrial enterprises.
15. We demand the extensive development of insurance for old age.
16. We demand the creation and maintenance of a healthy middle class, the immediate communalizing of big department stores,
and their lease at a cheap rate to small traders, and that the utmost consideration shall be shown to all small traders in
the placing of State and municiple orders.
17. We demand a land reform suitable to our national requirements, the passing of a law for the expropriation of land
for communal purposes without compensation; the abolition of ground rent, and the prohibition of all speculation in land.
18. We demand the ruthless prosecution of those whose activities are injurious to the common interest. Common criminals,
usurers, profiteers, etc., must be punished with death, whatever their creed or race.
19. We demand that Roman Law, which serves a materialistic world order, be replaced by a German common law.
20. The State must consider a thorough reconstruction of our national system of education (with the aim of opening up
to every able and hard-working German the possibility of higher education and of thus obtaining advancement). The curricula
of all educational establishments must be brought into line with the requirements of practical life. The aim of the school
must be to give the pupil, beginning with the first sign of intelligence, a grasp of the nation of the State (through the
study of civic affairs). We demand the education of gifted children of poor parents, whatever their class or occupation, at
the expense of the State.
21. The State must ensure that the nation's health standards are raised by protecting mothers and infants, by prohibiting
child labor, by promoting physical strength through legislation providing for compulsory gymnastics and sports, and by the
extensive support of clubs engaged in the physical training of youth.
22. We demand the abolition of the mercenary army and the foundation of a people's army.
23. We demand legal warfare on deliberate political mendacity and its dissemination in the press. To facilitate the creation
of a German national press we demand:
(a) that all editors of, and contributors to newspapers appearing in the German language must be members of the nation;
(b) that no non-German newspapers may appear without the express permission of the State. They must not be printed in
the German language;
(c) that non-Germans shall be prohibited by law from participating financially in or influencing
German newspapers, and that the penalty for contravening such a law shall be the suppression of any such newspaper, and the
immediate deportation of the non-Germans involved.
The publishing of papers which are not conducive to the national welfare
must be forbidden. We demand the legal prosecution of all those tendencies in art and literature which corrupt our national
life, and the suppression of cultural events which violate this demand.
24. We demand freedom for all religious denominations in the State, provided they do not threaten its existence not offend
the moral feelings of the German race.
The Party, as such, stands for positive Christianity, but does not commit itself to any particular denomination. It combats
the Jewish-materialistic spirit within and without us, and is convinced that our nation can achieve permanent health only
from within on the basis of the principle: The common interest before self-interest.
25. To put the whole of this programme into effect, we demand the creation of a strong central state power for the Reich;
the unconditional authority of the political central Parliament over the entire Reich and its organizations; and the formation
of Corporations based on estate and occupation for the purpose of carrying out the general legislation passed by the Reich
in the various German states.
The leaders of the Party promise to work ruthlessly -- if need be to sacrifice their very lives -- to translate this
programme into action.
* On April 13, 1928, Adolf Hitler clarified section seventeen in the programme in order to stop political mischaracterizations:
"Because of the mendacious interpretations on the part of our opponents of Point 17 of the programme of the NSDAP, the following
explanation is necessary.: Since the NSDAP is fundamentally based on the principle of private property, it is obvious that
the expression "confiscation without compensation" refers merely to the creation of possible legal means of confiscating when
necessary, land illegally acquired, or not administered in accordance with the national welfare. It is therefore directed
in the first instance against the Jewish companies which speculate in land.